Municipal Council seats and nomination plans

I’m planning to put a lot of info about the city council elections on this blog.  I might not always comment on that info.  Mostly I’m just trying to put a lot of info in one place so that I will be able to find it when I look for it in the future.  If someone else wants to know these things, so much the better.

The following table includes the 2010 city council districts and how many seats will be elected from each.  If I understand the Election and Recall Law correctly, one seat in every four is guaranteed to go to a female.  That is, if there are 4-7 seats, at least one of the winners must be a woman; if there are 8-11 seats, at least two winners must be women; and so on.

seats
D# 台北市 Taipei City 63
1 北投士林 Shilin, Beitou 12
2 南港內湖 Nangang, Neihu 9
3 信義松山 Xinyi, Songshan 10
4 大同中山 Datong, Zhongshan 8
5 萬華中正 Wanhua, Zhongzheng 8
6 大安文山 Da’an, Wenshan 13
7 平地原住民 Plains Aborigines 1
8 山地原住民 Mountain Aborigines 1
.
新北市 Xinbei City 66
1 淡水三芝石門八里 Danshui, Sanzhi, Shimen, Bali 3
2 新莊五股泰山林口 Xinzhuang, Wugu, Taishan, Linkou 10
3 三重蘆洲 Sanchong, Luzhou 9
4 板橋 Banqiao 9
5 中和 Zhonghe 7
6 永和 Yonghe 4
7 土城樹林鶯歌三峽 Tucheng, Shulin, Yingge, Sanxia 10
8 新店深坑坪林石碇烏來 Xindian, Shenkeng, Pinglin, Shiding, Wulai 5
9 瑞芳平溪雙溪貢寮 Ruifang, Pingxi, Shuangxi, Gongliao 1
10 汐止金山萬里 Xizhi, Jinshan, Wanli 4
11 平地原住民 Plains Aborigines 3
12 山地原住民 Mountain Aborigines 1
.
台中市 Taichung City 63
1 大甲大安外埔區 Dajia, Da’an, Waipu 3
2 清水沙鹿梧棲區 Qingshui, Shalu, Wuqi 5
3 烏日大肚龍井區 Wuri, Dadu, Longjing 5
4 后豐區 Fengyuan, Houli 5
5 潭雅神區 Tanzi, Daya, Shengang 6
6 西屯區 Xitun 5
7 南屯區 Nantun 4
8 北屯區 Beitun 6
9 北區 North 3
10 中西區 Central, West 3
11 東南區 East, South 4
12 太平區 Taiping 4
13 大里霧峰區 Dali, Wufeng 6
14 東勢石岡新社和平區 Dongshi, Shigang, Xinshe, Heping 2
15 平地原住民 Plains Aborigines 1
16 山地原住民 Mountain Aborigines 1
.
台南市 Tainan City 57
1 白河後壁東山 Baihe, Houbi, Dongshan 2
2 新營鹽水柳營 Xinying, Yanshui, Liuying 4
3 學甲將軍北門 Xuejia, Jiangjun, Beimen 2
4 麻豆下營六甲官田 Madou, Xiaying, Liujia, Guantian 4
5 佳里西港七股 Jiali, Xigang, Qigu 3
6 善化安定 Shanhua, Anding 2
7 大內新化山上 Danei, Xinhua, Shanshang 2
8 玉井楠西南化佐鎮 Yujing, Nanxi, Nanhua, Zuozhen 1
9 永康新市 Yongkang, Xinshi 7
10 安南區 Annan 5
11 北區 North 4
12 中西區 Central-West 2
13 安平區 Anping 2
14 東區 East 6
15 南區 South 4
16 仁德歸仁關廟龍崎 Rende, Guiren, Guanmiao, Longqi 5
17 平地原住民 Plains Aborigines 1
18 山地原住民 Mountain Aborigines 1
.
高雄市 Kaohsiung City 66
1 旗山美濃六龜甲仙杉林內門茂林三民桃源 Qishan, Meinong, Liugui, Jiaxian, Shanlin, Neimen, Maolin, Namaxia, Taoyuan 3
2 田寮阿蓮路竹湖內茄萣 Tianliao, Alian, Luzhu, Hu’nei, Qieding 4
3 岡山橋頭燕巢梓官彌陀永安 Gangshan, Qiaotou, Yanchao, Ziguan, Mituo, Yong’an 5
4 左營楠梓 Zuoying, Nanzi 8
5 大樹大社仁武鳥松 Dashu, Dashe, Renwu, Niaosong 4
6 鹽埕鼓山旗津 Yancheng, Gushan, Qijin 4
7 三民 Sanmin 8
8 新興前金苓雅 Xinxing, Qianjin, Lingya 6
9 鳳山 Fengshan 8
10 前鎮小港 Qianzhen, Xiaogang 8
11 林園大寮 Linyuan, Daliao 4
12 平地原住民 Plains Aborigines 1
13 山地原住民(那瑪夏, 旗山, 甲仙, 杉林,內門, 路竹, 內門, 梓官,彌陀,永安, 左營,楠梓, 三民) Mountain Aborigines: Namaxia plus other areas 1
14 山地原住民(桃源, 美濃,六龜, 田寮,阿蓮, 岡山, 橋頭,燕巢, 鹽埕,鼓山, 新興,前金) Mountain Aborigines: Taoyuan plus other areas 1
15 山地原住民(茂林, 大樹,大社,仁武,鳥松, 鳳山, 林園,大寮, 前鎮,小港,旗津, 苓雅) Mountain Aborigines: Maolin plus other areas 1

Note that there are 3 one-seat districts for Mountain Aborigines in Kaohsiung rather than 1 three-seat district.  This is done to help insure that different tribes get a representative.  Maolin is mostly Rukai; Taoyuan is heavily Bunun, and Namaxia is mixed Bunun and Tsou.  In particular, the Rukai population is very small, and they probably wouldn’t be able to elect a Rukai representative in a three-seat district.  As it is, I wonder if there are enough non-Rukai mountain aborigines in the 11 other townships in the district to elect a non-Rukai member.

This table shows how many candidates each party plans to nominate in each city council district.  The DPP plans are taken from an official press release posted on the party website.  The KMT plans for Taipei City, Taichung City, and Kaohsiung City are from the Taipei, Taichung, and Kaohsiung party branch websites, respectively.   The PFP plans were referenced in a news story and are less authoritative.  I have not found any information on TSU or New Party nomination plans yet.

The KMT Taipei City document made no reference to nominations reserved for women, but that is not an indication that they have no plans to do so.  The DPP did not reserve any spots for women in the former Taichung County.  I am not sure if this is accurate or an oversight in the document.

I will update this table as I get new information. (Last updated: June 21)

I’m also giving each district a shortened name.  Usually this is the township or district with the largest population in the election district.

seats
KMT DPP PFP TSU New
D# Taipei 63
1 Shilin 12 4 Open
2 Neihu 9 5 4*
3 Songshan 10 6 5*
4 Datong 8 4 5*
5 Wanhua 8 4 4*
6 Da’an 13 8 5*
7 PA 1 1
8 MA 1 1
.
Xinbei 66
1 Danshui 3 1 1
2 Xinzhuang 10 5* 1
3 Sanchong 9 6* 1
4 Banqiao 9 5* 1
5 Zhonghe 7 2 1
6 Yonghe 4 2* 1
7 Tucheng 10 6* 1
8 Xindian 5 2* 1
9 Ruifang 1 0 1 1
10 Xizhi 4 2* 1
11 PA 3
12 MA 1
.
Taichung 63
1 Dajia 3 3 1
2 Qingshui 5 3* 2
3 Dadu 5 3* 2
4 Fengyuan 5 4* 3
5 Tanzi 6 4* 3
6 Xitun 5 3* 2*
7 Nantun 4 3* 2
8 Beitun 6 4* 3*
9 North 3 2 2
10 CW 3 2 2
11 SE 4 3* 3*
12 Taiping 4 3* 2
13 Dali 6 4* 3
14 Dongshi 2 2 1
15 PA 1
16 MA 1
.
Tainan 57
1 Baihe 2 1
2 Xinying 4 2*
3 Xuejia 2 1
4 Madou 4 2*
5 Jiali 3 3
6 Shanhua 2 1
7 Xinhua 2 1
8 Yujing 1 1
9 Yongkang 7 3*
10 Annan 5 4*
11 North 4 2*
12 C-W 2 2
13 Anping 2 2
14 East 6 3*
15 South 4 2*
16 Rende 5 3*
17 PA 1
18 MA 1
.
Kaohsiung 66
1 Meinong 3 2 2
2 Luzhu 4 3* 3*
3 Gangshan 5 5* 2
4 Zuoying 8 5* 3
5 Dashu 4 3* 3*
6 Gushan 4 2* 2
7 Sanmin 8 5* 4*
8 Lingya 6 3* 3
9 Fengshan 8 4* 3
10 Xiaogang 8 4* 4*
11 Daliao 4 4* 2+
12 PA 1 1
13 MA: Namaxia 1 Open
14 MA: Taoyuan 1 Open
15 MA: Maolin 1 Opem

* includes at least one female

+ if KMT only nominates one female, DPP will nominate a third, female candidate

2 Responses to “Municipal Council seats and nomination plans”

  1. david on formosa Says:

    Can you explain more about exactly how they ensure women are allocated a minimum number of seats? Even if each party’s list contains one woman out of four candidates this doesn’t guarantee that a woman will be elected.

  2. frozengarlic Says:

    I’m not sure if you are talking about nominations or general elections. Nominations are an entirely internal party matter; there is no legal constraint to who they nominate. So if the KMT wants to nominate four candidates including at least one female, they just do it. The DPP is slightly more institutionalized; they have rules (that they usually follow) about how they determine who gets nominated. When I get to the post on the DPP’s nominations, I’ll show an example (from Wanhua in Taipei City) in which the DPP wanted to nominate four people, but the top four were all men. As a result, they did not nominate the fourth place finisher, but instead nominated the fifth place finisher, who was the top female in the race.

    General elections work in the same basic way as that example, except that the rules are codified in the law. If there are four seats, and no woman is among the top four vote-getters, then only the top three men are elected along with the top female candidate. Thus, if there is only one female candidate in the race, she automatically wins the seat, even if no one votes for her.

    Because of this rule, parties have a strong incentive to cultivate female politicians and nominate female candidates. In fact, I think perhaps the most striking result is how seldom this clause actually comes into play in determining the final results. In global perspective, Taiwan has a relatively high percentage of women in elected offices. This is, by the way, not the way it has always been. If you go back 30 years to the old one-party non-democratic elections, the percentage of women elected to office was much lower and the guaranteed female seat clause was invoked much more often, even though it was only one in eight or ten seats rather than the current one in four.

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